A Prospective Longitudinal Study of Postnatal Quality of Life among Hong Kong Women: Comparison between Normal Vaginal Delivery and Caesarean Section

Authors

  • Maise SM CHAN

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12809/hkjgom.16.1.199

Abstract

Objective: To compare the quality of life (QOL) in Hong Kong women who gave birth by normal vaginal delivery (NVD) and those delivered by Caesarean section (CS). Women were evaluated on discharge from hospital and 4 weeks after delivery.
Methods: This was a prospective longitudinal study conducted in the obstetrics unit of United Christian Hospital in Hong Kong from December 2009 to March 2010. A total of 75 women with NVD and 75 women with CS were recruited. QOL was measured by a generic questionnaire, Short Form 12 version 2 on discharge from hospital and at 4 weeks after delivery. The first questionnaire involved completion of a self-reported form, the second was completed by telephone interview. The data were analysed using Microsoft Excel and the IBM SPSS software.
Results: On discharge from hospital, 86% (129/150) of women returned a completed questionnaire. The mean scores of physical functioning (p=0.01), vitality (p=0.003), social functioning (p=0.003), bodily pain (p=0.02), mental health (p=0.01), as well as physical component summary (p=0.01) and mental component summary (p=0.03) scores were significantly higher in women who delivered by NVD than by CS. At 4 weeks after delivery, 75% (113/150) completed the questionnaire. There was a remarkable difference in general health (p=0.01), physical component summary measure (p=0.003), and social functioning (p=0.05) between NVD and CS groups.
Conclusion: Women who had a NVD enjoyed a generally better QOL than those who delivered by CS, both on discharge from hospital and 4 weeks after delivery. NVD is recommended for women without indications for CS.

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Published

2016-01-01

How to Cite

1.
CHAN MS. A Prospective Longitudinal Study of Postnatal Quality of Life among Hong Kong Women: Comparison between Normal Vaginal Delivery and Caesarean Section. Hong Kong J Gynaecol Obstet Midwifery [Internet]. 2016 Jan. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 13];16(1). Available from: https://hkjgom.org/home/article/view/199

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Original Article