Laparoscopic myomectomy in a single centre over 10 years: a retrospective study

Authors

  • Mei Yun Chan United Christian Hospital
  • Yau Bong Winsom Ho United Christian Hospital

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12809/hkjgom.24.1.351

Keywords:

Laparoscopic myomectomy, Leiomyoma, Morcellation, Myomectomy

Abstract

Introduction: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy in a hospital in Hong Kong over a period of 10 years.
Methods: Medical records of women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy at the United Christian Hospital between January 2012 and December 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. Outcomes were compared between patients with fibroids >8 cm and patients with fibroids ≤8 cm and between patients with fibroids at the broad ligament or low positions and patients with fibroids at common locations.
Results: A total of 225 women aged 25 to 56 years were identified and a total of 460 fibroids were removed. Of 225 women, 47 (20.9%) had a fibroid >8 cm, whereas 17 (3.7%) had a fibroid at the broad ligament or low positions. Intraoperative complications included subcutaneous emphysema (n=3), breakage of the bag during contained power morcellation (n=1), and blood loss of 1400 ml (n=2). Postoperative complications included fever (n=4), wound infection with gaping (n=3), and pelvic haematoma (n=1). The rate of complication was 6.22%, and the rate of major complication was 2.22%. The rate of undiagnosed uterine malignancy was 0.4%. Compared with patients with fibroids ≤8 cm, patients with fibroids >8 cm had higher blood loss (161.56 vs 265.96 ml, p=0.029), operating time (145.44 vs 183.30 min, p=0.002), and intraoperative complications (1 vs 5, p<0.001). However, patients with fibroids at common locations were comparable with patients with fibroids at the broad ligament or low positions in terms of blood loss, operating time, inpatient stay, and intraoperative and postoperative complications.
Conclusions: Laparoscopic myomectomy is safe for fibroids >8 cm or at the broad ligament or low positions.

References

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Published

2024-01-15

How to Cite

1.
Chan MY, Ho YBW. Laparoscopic myomectomy in a single centre over 10 years: a retrospective study. Hong Kong J Gynaecol Obstet Midwifery [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 15 [cited 2024 Jun. 17];24(1). Available from: https://hkjgom.org/home/article/view/351

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Section

Original Article (Gynaecology)